Publications and Reports

Displaying 81 - 90 of 351
E.g., 20 Sep 2017
E.g., 20 Sep 2017
14 Oct 2014
Developing the Healthy Cities Programme in Cork

What is the Healthy City Project?

In October 2008, following a meeting between the Galway Healthy City Coordinator, city council and HSE officials, and UCC staff, momentum commenced and has continued regarding the development of aCorkHealthyCityproject. Since then, approval has been sought and received from the City Development Board (CDB) of Cork City Council for the establishment of a Healthy City Forum.

The CDB Strategy “Imagine...

14 Oct 2014

The smoking ban in work places has been one of the major public health interventions in Ireland in the past years that gained international attention. Tobacco control remains one of the major research foci of the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health. Researchers examine the sustained effect of the ban on health, smoking behaviour and ‘smoking careers’ as well as smoking risk perceptions among Bar workers, General Pract...

1 Oct 2014

Abstract

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples...

26 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background

Research in modern biomedicine and social science requires sample sizes so large that they can often only be achieved through a pooled co-analysis of data from several studies. But the pooling of information from individuals in a central database that may be queried by researchers raises important ethico-legal questions and can be controversial. In the UK this has been highlighted by recent debate and controversy relating to the UK's proposed 'care.data' initiative,...

18 Sep 2014
Abstract Background

In 2006, the Health Service Executive (HSE) in Ireland established an Expert Advisory Group (EAG) for Diabetes, to act as its main source of operational policy and strategic advice for this chronic condition. The process was heralded as the starting point for the development of formal chronic disease management programmes. Although recommendations were published in 2008, implementation did not proceed as expected. Our aim was to examine the development of recommendations...

16 Sep 2014

Introduction

A novel obesity classification method has been proposed utilising body mass index (BMI) and waist-height ration (WHtR) together.  However, the utility of this approach is unclear.  In this study we compare the metabolic profiles in subjects defined as overweight or obese by both measures.  We examine a range of metabolic risk features, pro-inflammatory cytokines, acute-phase response proteins, coagulation factors and white blood cell counts to determine whether a combinati...

15 Sep 2014

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples was derived by a...

10 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background 

Globally, the high prevalence of childhood obesity is recognised as a significant public health problem associated with adverse health consequences. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of this multifaceted problem is necessary to inform effective public health strategies. We aim to assess modifiable individual factors associated with childhood overweight and obesity whilst considering broader contextual factors including the home and local environment

Method...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background 

Coronary heart disease (CHD) death rates have been falling across most of Europe in recent decades. However, CHD remains the leading cause of mortality. Furthermore, substantial risk factor reductions have been achieved in some European countries, but not in others. This partly reflects rather patchy implementation of the most effective prevention policies. Our study therefore aimed to quantify the potential impact of future policy scenarios (reducing smokin...

10 Sep 2014
Abstract

Background

International guidelines have not reached consensus on safe alcohol recommendations for pregnant women. Accurately measuring exposure to alcohol use during pregnancy is important in estimating the fetal effects of gestational alcohol consumption to inform alcohol policy. However, the prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy is often conflicting. We aimed to compare the prevalence and predictors of alcohol consumption during pregnancy in three contemporary studies....

Pages

Subscribe to our mailing list