Publications and Reports

Displaying 81 - 90 of 205
E.g., 23 Sep 2017
E.g., 23 Sep 2017
7 May 2013

Abstract

Objectives:  Pre-diabetes is an important indicator of future diabetes burden and many countries are reporting prevalence estimates of pre-diabetes. To date in Ireland, estimates of the prevalence of pre-diabetes were unavailable. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of pre-diabetes in a nationally representative sample of Irish adults and to explore determinants of pre-diabetes.

 

Methods: The Survey of Lifestyle Attitudes and Nutrition 2007 was a cros...

1 May 2013

Abstract

Objectives:

To systematically review the literature on the use of probiotics in pregnancy and their impact on maternal outcomes.

Methods:

 Online databases were searched in April 2012 using the following terms to identify eligible studies: “probiotics”, “pregnancy”, “maternal outcomes” and “metabolism”. Primary outcomes of selected studies were maternal fasting glucose during pregnancy and rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Secondary outcomes w...

12 Apr 2013

Abstract

Previous national nutrition surveys in Irish adults did not include blood samples; thus, representative serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) data are lacking. In the present study, we characterised serum 25(OH)D concentrations in Irish adults from the recent National Adult Nutrition Survey, and determined the impact of vitamin D supplement use and season on serum 25(OH)D concentrations.

Of the total representative sample (n 1500, aged 18+ years), blood samples were avail...

27 Mar 2013

Abstract

Background

Consistent declines in coronary heart disease (CHD) death rates have been previously observed in Ireland since1985.

Aims & Methods

To use the previously validated Irish IMPACT CHD mortality model to further examine the subsequent CHD mortality falls from 1985 through to 2006, and to determine the contribution of risk factor changes and “evidence based” treatments to this decline by age and gender.

Results

CHD mortality rates fell by 68% in men (63%...

6 Mar 2013
Background

There is a heightened need for the practitioner to be alert to the determinants of functional limitations and disabilities owing to the ageing workforce.

Aim

This study investigated the association between work type and disability in older age in both the paid and the previously unexplored, unpaid worker (household labour).

Methods

Data on demographic factors, physical measurements, work history and functional status were collected on three hundred and fifty seven 57–...

5 Mar 2013
Background

Mental health problems and risk behaviours among young people are of great public health concern. Consequently, within the VII Framework Programme, the European Commission funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. This Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) was conducted in eleven European countries, with Sweden as the coordinating centre, and was designed to identify an effective way to promote mental health and reduce suicidality and risk taking behaviou...

1 Feb 2013

Abstract

The world of communication has changed significantly in the last decade as a result of the evolution of social media. Food crisis managers and communicators should be cognizant of the messages presented to the public by all media channels during a crisis. Using the 2008 Irish dioxin contamination incident as an example, a quantitative content analysis was carried out to investigate the relationship between social and traditional media. Messages published in printed newspapers...

23 Jan 2013
Abstract Background

We have previously identified in a study of both self-reported body mass index (BMI) and clinically measured BMI that the sensitivity score in the obese category has declined over a 10-year period. It is known that self-reported weight is significantly lower that measured weight and that self-reported height is significantly higher than measured height. The purpose of this study is to establish if self-reported height bias or weight bias, or both, is responsible for the de...

11 Jan 2013

Abstract

Objectives

 To systematically review the literature on the use of probiotics in pregnancy and their impact on maternal outcomes.

Methods

 Online databases were searched in April 2012 using the following terms to identify eligible studies: “probiotics”, “pregnancy”, “maternal outcomes” and “metabolism”. Primary outcomes of selected studies were maternal fasting glucose during pregnancy and rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Secondary outcomes wer...

9 Nov 2012
Abstract Objective

To explore infant feeding decisions among low-income women living in Ireland to gain an in-depth understanding of the factors, which influence breast feeding initiation and continuation.

Design

A descriptive qualitative study using focus groups and semi-structured interviews.

Setting

Community and primary health-care settings in the Republic of Ireland.

Participants

A convenience sample of 33 low-income mothers was recruited from 2 community programmes...

Pages

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