Publications and Reports

Displaying 71 - 80 of 205
E.g., 23 Sep 2017
E.g., 23 Sep 2017
13 Nov 2013
Abstract

Background

To compare diabetes risk assessment tools in estimating risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and to evaluate cardiometabolic risk profiles in a middle-aged Irish population.

Methods

Future risk of developing T2DM was estimated using 7 risk scores, including clinical measures with or without anthropometric, biological and lifestyle data, in the cross-sectional Mitchelstown cohort of 2,047 middle-aged men and women. Cardiometabolic phenotypes includ...

6 Nov 2013

Abstract

Background

Dietary behaviour interventions have the potential to reduce diet-related disease. Ample opportunity exists to implement these interventions in the workplace. The overall aim is to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of complex dietary interventions focused on environmental dietary modification alone or in combination with nutrition education in large manufacturing workplace settings.

Methods/design

A clustered controlled trial invo...

17 Oct 2013
Abstract Background

There is a current lack of consensus on defining metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). Limited data on dietary and lifestyle factors and MHO exist. The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence, dietary factors and lifestyle behaviours of metabolically healthy and unhealthy obese and non-obese subjects according to different metabolic health criteria.

Method

Cross-sectional sample of 1,008 men and 1,039 women aged 45-74 years participated in the study. Participa...

16 Oct 2013
Abstract

Background

Current estimates of diabetes prevalence in the Republic of Ireland (RoI) are based on UK epidemiological studies. This study uses Irish data to describe the prevalence of doctor-diagnosed diabetes amongst all adults aged 18+ years and undiagnosed diabetes amongst those aged 45+ years.

Methods

The survey of lifestyle attitudes and nutrition (SLAN) 2007 is based on a nationally representative sample of Irish adults aged 18+ years (n = 10,364). Self-repo...

25 Sep 2013

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a growing problem worldwide and can often result in a variety of negative health outcomes. In this study we aim to apply partial least squares (PLS) methodology to estimate the separate effects of age, period and cohort on the trends in obesity as measured by body mass index (BMI).

Methods: Using PLS we will obtain gender specific linear effects of age, period and cohort on obesity. We also explore and model nonlinear relationships of BMI with age...

26 Aug 2013

Abstract

Context

Inflammation is a potential mechanism linking obesity and cardiometabolic risk. Limited data on inflammatory markers in metabolically healthy obese and nonobese individuals exist.

Objective

The aim of the study was to investigate the extent to which differences between metabolically healthy and unhealthy obese and nonobese adults, defined using a range of metabolic health definitions, are correlated with a range of inflammatory markers.

Desi...

10 Aug 2013
Background

Fast weight gain and linear growth in children in low-income and middle-income countries are associated with enhanced survival and improved cognitive development, but might increase risk of obesity and related adult cardiometabolic diseases. We investigated how linear growth and relative weight gain during infancy and childhood are related to health and human capital outcomes in young adults.

Methods

We used data from five prospective birth cohort studies from Brazil, Guatem...

9 Aug 2013

Abstract

Obesity is associated with increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) leading to higher all-cause mortality. However accumulating evidence suggests that not all obese subjects are at increased cardiometabolic risk and that the “metabolically healthy obese” (MHO) phenotype may exist in the absence of metabolic abnormalities. Despite the knowledge of the existence of obese metabolic phenotypes for som...

6 Aug 2013

Abstract

BACKGROUND The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Trial provides critical data on the impact of a specific diet pattern (low in salt, fat, and processed foods and high in fruit and vegetables) on blood pressure (BP). The effect of compliance with a DASH-type diet on BP in a general population sample is less well defined. We studied associations between a DASH style diet and BP.

METHODS We used cross-sectional data from a study of men and women aged 47–73 yea...

11 Jul 2013

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the effectiveness of workplace dietary modification interventions alone or in combination with nutrition education on employees' dietary behaviour, health status, self-efficacy, perceived health, determinants of food choice, nutrition knowledge, co-worker support, job satisfaction, economic cost and food-purchasing patterns.

Method

Data sources included PubMed, Medline, Embase, Psych Info., Web of Knowledge and Cochrane Library (Novem...

Pages

Subscribe to our mailing list