Publications and Reports

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E.g., 18 Nov 2017
E.g., 18 Nov 2017
1 Oct 2014

Abstract

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples...

16 Sep 2014

Introduction

A novel obesity classification method has been proposed utilising body mass index (BMI) and waist-height ration (WHtR) together.  However, the utility of this approach is unclear.  In this study we compare the metabolic profiles in subjects defined as overweight or obese by both measures.  We examine a range of metabolic risk features, pro-inflammatory cytokines, acute-phase response proteins, coagulation factors and white blood cell counts to determine whether a combinati...

15 Sep 2014

Background

Excess dietary salt intake is a critical determinant of the rise in blood pressure from childhood to adult life. Few studies have objectively measured dietary salt intake in children and no Irish data exists.

Methods

Dietary salt was measured from 24 hour urine collections (n=77) and early morning spot urine samples (n=816) taken from a cross-section of 1075 8-11 year old Irish school children. 24 hour salt intake from the morning urine samples was derived by a...

10 Sep 2014

Abstract

Background

Despite recommendations that central obesity assessment should be employed as a marker of cardiometabolic health, no consensus exists regardingmeasurement protocol. This study examined a range of anthropometric variables and their relationships with cardiometabolic features and type 2 diabetes in order to ascertain whethermeasurement site influences discriminatory accuracy. In particular, we compared waist circumference (WC) measured at two sites: (1) below t...

1 Aug 2014

Introduction

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) within the Republic of Ireland (ROI) is poorly defined, although a recent report suggested 135,000 cases in adults aged 45+ (8.9%), with approximately one-third of these undiagnosed. T2DM may cause serious health conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and impairment and malfunction of the renal, ophthalmic, vascular and nervous systems. These complications pose significant financial burdens on healthcare services;...

26 Jun 2014

Background and objective

Glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurement is recommended as an alternative to fasting plasma glucose (FPG) for the diagnosis of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. However, evidence suggests discordance between HbA1c and FPG. The aim of this study was to investigate which test identified a greater proportion of subjects at increased cardiometabolic risk by examining diabetes risk feature and biomarker relationships with both criteria.

Methods

Thi...

26 Jun 2014

Background and objective

A novel obesity classification method has been proposed utilising body mass index (BMI) and waist-height ratio (WHtR). In this study we compare the metabolic profiles in subjects defined as overweight or obese by both measures. We examine a range of metabolic risk features, proinflammatory cytokines, acute-phase response proteins, coagulation factors and white blood cell counts to determine whether a combination of both indices more accurately identifies a high...

13 Oct 2013

Background

Objective methods like accelerometers are feasible for large studies and may quantify variability in day-to-day physical activity (PA) better than self-report. The variability between days suggests that day of the week cannot be ignored in the design and analysis of PA studies. Thus the purpose of this paper is to determine the optimal number of days needed to reliably estimate weekly habitual PA using the GENEActiv accelerometer.

Methods

Data are from a subsam...

13 Oct 2013

Background

The International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ-SF) is one of the most widely used subjective methods for measuring physical activity (PA). However accumulating evidence indicates poor validity compared to objective methods such as accelerometers. To date the IPAQ-SF has not been validated against the GENEActiv accelerometer.

Purpose

To examine the criterion and construct validity of the IPAQ-SF against the GENEActiv accelerometer in middle-a...

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