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E.g., 24 Nov 2017
E.g., 24 Nov 2017
6 Jun 2012

Aim

To explore views regarding pregnancy and postpartum weight management among mothers of high birth weight infants (>4kg).

Rationale

High birth weight (macrosomia) is associated with an increase in adverse maternal and fetal outcomes (Baird et al. 2005)  Excessive weight gain during pregnancy and high pre-pregnancy BMI are primary risk factors for high infant birth weight  Provide an insight into weight management advice for  pregnant and postpartum women 

Methods...

6 Jun 2012

Background

A healthy lifestyle, including diet, is important for an ageing population in order to maximise their health and well-being

Understanding how ageing Irish people consider their food choices in light of health is important for developing tailored nutrition communications and interventions

Choosing food is a complex behaviour - socially mediated

“The food we eat and the form we eat it in are themselves socially constructed and meet many needs that are soci...

19 Apr 2012

Abstract

Background

Fetal bone development is entirely dependent on the maternal pool of calcium; as such there are concerns about inadequate vitamin D status in pregnancy. We sought to examine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in pregnancy and to correlate maternal vitamin D status to fetal anthropometry and birthweight.

Study design

Sixty pregnant women had serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) measured in the early pregnancy, at 28 weeks and in cord blood. Two sub...

11 Apr 2012

Purpose

Recent research suggests that job stress contributes to the epidemic of obesity in the population. The complexity of the relationship between job characteristics and obesity has resulted in inconclusive evidence. The importance of gender stratification for these analyses has been shown; but detailed measures of job demands and job control could enhance our knowledge. In this present paper, we examine the association between specific job characteristics and obesity for males and...

11 Apr 2012

Abstract

Background

Evidence is accumulating that leptin can be regarded as a biomarker of fetal adiposity. We sought to clarify the relationship between maternal and fetal leptin, insulin resistance and both maternal and fetal adiposity in a healthy, euglycemic population.

Methods

This is a prospective study of 574 mother and infant pairs. Women were recruited at first antenatal consultation. At this visit maternal weight, height and arm circumference (a marker o...

6 Feb 2012

Abstract

Objective

In countries at latitudes above 42 degrees north, endogenous production of vitamin D essentially ceases from November until March. As fetal bone development is entirely dependent on the maternal pool of vitamin D there are concerns about the implications of inadequate levels. We sought to examine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in pregnancy and to correlate maternal vitamin D to fetal anthropometry and birthweight.

Study Design

This is a pros...

6 Feb 2012

Abstract

Objective

The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D is high in many pregnant populations. Although some evidence is accumulating for a role for vitamin D in maintaining normal glucose homeostasis, these data to date are controversial with a number of authors reporting conflicting results. We sought to clarify the relationship between maternal and fetal insulin resistance and adiposity with vitamin D in a healthy, euglycemic population.

Study Design

This is a pro...

6 Feb 2012

Abstract

Objective

The macrosomic fetus is predisposed to a variety of adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes, and significantly increases the risk of birth complications for the mother. In the long term, infants that are at the highest end of the distribution for weight are more likely to be obese in childhood. Eating primarily a high glycaemic carbohydrate diet can result in feto-placental overgrowth, excessive maternal weight gain and fetal macrosomia. Our hypothesis was tha...

6 Feb 2012

Abstract

Objective

Pregnancy is the most important stage of a womens life cycle where nutrition is essential for an optimum pregnancy outcome. Dietary pattern analysis is becoming a popular method of determining habitual dietary patterns during pregnancy. Cluster analysis is one technique that can be used to identify clusters or groups of subjects with similar dietary characteristics. The aim of this study was to examine the dietary patterns among pregnant women using cluster an...

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