Publications and Reports

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E.g., 20 Sep 2017
11 Jun 2014

What is a Health Promoting University?  One that integrates health into the culture, processes, and policies of the University.

The success of the HPU depends on

a whole university approach commitment from the most senior level partnership working among all sectors

Health Promoting University Initiative

Based on the Settings Approach- focus on whole community policies and environment, rather than individual problem health behaviours. Significant advantage of working through...
7 Nov 2013

1 Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork (UCC), Cork, Ireland

2 Departments of Haematology, Cork University Hospital (CUH), Cork, Ireland

3 Centre for Support and Training in Analysis and Research (CSTAR), University College Dublin, Ireland

4 Department of Haematology, Tullamore General Hospital, Tullamore, Ireland *Denotes joint first author

Abstract

Objective: To assess the prevalence and determinants of haematinic deficien...

11 Feb 2013
Objective

The aims were to evaluate the effects of a low GI dietary intervention on maternal GI, dietary intake and gestational weight gain in pregnancy.

Study Design

This was a randomised control trial. Healthy secundigravid women who previously delivered a macrosomic infant were included in this study. Participants were randomised to receive low GI dietary advice in early pregnancy or to standard care. A 3-day food diary was completed at each trimester. Dietary data were entered into...

1 Jan 2013

Objective

There is increasing evidence that leptin has a role in fetal programming of later obesity. We sought to clarify the relationship between maternal and fetal leptin, insulin resistance and both maternal and fetal adiposity in a large, euglycemic cohort.

Study Design

This is a prospective study of 574 non-diabetic mother and infant pairs. In early pregnancy maternal BMI and arm circumference were recorded. Maternal leptin, glucose and insulin were measured in early...

1 Jan 2013

Objective

To compare maternal characteristics, obstetric outcomes and insulin resistance in a cohort of women subdivided into those who did and those who did not exceed gestational weight gain guidelines as outlined by the Institute of Medicine (IOM).

Study Design

This is a prospective study of 621 non-diabetic women. In early pregnancy all had a mid-upper arm circumference and body mass index (BMI) calculated. Maternal weight was recorded at each antenatal consultation....

13 Sep 2012

Abstract

Background

Findings from both observational and experimental studies (including the DASH Trial -Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) are consistent with a significant, causal role for dietary salt intake in the distribution of blood pressure (BP) in populations. The DASH diet quality score, based on the intervention arm in the DASH-trial, has emerged as a potentially useful measure of diet quality in adult populations. We have studied associations between DASH scor...

12 Sep 2012

Background

Postpartum weight retention has been associated with obesity development, yet there has been little research exploring women’s views in relation to postpartum weight loss.

Methods

A purposive sample of 21 second-time mothers, who varied in terms of early pregnancy BMI were recruited from the control arm of a randomised trial in a large Irish maternity hospital.

Semi-structured interviews were conducted at 6 and 12 months postpartum. Inductive thematic an...

5 Sep 2012

Abstract

Background

Along with rising trends in obesity and diet-related illnesses worldwide, nutritional information and advice concerning healthy eating have become increasingly prominent in the public domain in the last 30 years. Personal responsibility for health is often emphasised and individuals are advised to carefully monitor and control their food intake for optimal health and ageing; an approach dubbed the ‘healthy eating nutrition agenda’. However, despite growing aw...

16 Jul 2012

Personalised nutrition has been defined as a response to differences between individuals and attempts to balance an individual’s diet to their specific individual and situational needs, including environmental and psychological factors. The Food4Me project has also recently defined personalised nutrition as healthy eating advice that is tailored to suit an individual based on their own personal health status, phenotype and/or genetics. The science of nutrigenomics and personalised nutrition i...

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