Publications and Reports

Displaying 1 - 10 of 205
E.g., 17 Oct 2017
E.g., 17 Oct 2017
27 May 2016

OBJECTIVE:

The relationship between workplace absenteeism and adverse lifestyle factors (smoking, physical inactivity and poor dietary patterns) remains ambiguous. Reliance on self-reported absenteeism and obesity measures may contribute to this uncertainty. Using objective absenteeism and health status measures, the present study aimed to investigate what health status outcomes and lifestyle factors influence workplace absenteeism.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional data were obta...

11 Apr 2016

Objective: To examine the association between protective lifestyle behaviours (PLB) and depression in middle-aged Irish adults. Design: Secondary analysis of a cross-sectional study. PLB (non-smoker, moderate alcohol, physical activity, adequate fruit and vegetable intake) were assessed using a general health and lifestyle questionnaire and a validated FFQ. Depression was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. A score of 15–21 indicates mild/moderate depression...

10 Feb 2016
Objective

To assess the comparative cost effectiveness of day care over inpatient management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP).

Study design

A cost utility analysis was performed using a decision analytical model in which a Markov model was constructed. The Markov model was primarily populated with data from a recently published randomised controlled trial. Which included pregnant women presenting to Cork University Maternity Hospital, a tertiary referral maternity hospital, se...

28 Jan 2016
BACKGROUND:

Early nutrition and adiposity have been linked to atopic dermatitis (AD) development.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to describe risk factors for AD in the first year of life in infants participating in the Cork BASELINE birth cohort study (n = 1537).

METHODS:

Prospective data on early-life events, infant feeding, and nutritional and environmental exposures were collected at 15 weeks' gestation, birth, and 2, 6, and 12 months of age. Body composition was assessed by using air...

21 Jan 2016
Aim

The purpose of this study is to investigate the ability of a new technology, gaseous technology, to reduce colonization levels, compared to standard cleaning, and so attenuate superficial nosocomial infections.

Methods

We conducted a prospective, single-centre, open-label, non-randomized trial with blinded outcome assessments, comparing the standard cleaning of hospital mattresses with a novel plasma based disinfection system Radica™, followed by a standard post-cleaning culturi...

16 Dec 2015

Abstract

Background

The metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype is characterized by favorable lipid and inflammatory profiles, preserved insulin sensitivity and normal blood pressure. Limited data regards whether metabolically healthy obesity also confers beneficial effects on mental health and well-being exists.

Methods

We investigated depressive symptoms, anxiety and well-being among metabolically healthy and unhealthy obese and non-obese adults from a cross-...

15 Dec 2015
OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the effects of gestational age, birth weight, small for gestational age (SGA), and large for gestational age (LGA) on risk of childhood type 1 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

We conducted a population-based cohort study of all singleton live births in Sweden between 1973 and 2009 and a sibling control study. Perinatal data were extracted from the Swedish Medical Birth Register. Children with type 1 diabetes diagnosis were identified from the Swedish Na...

19 Nov 2015

Background: The prognostic significance of abnormal circadian blood pressure (BP) patterns is well established. Research to date has focused on both nocturnal dipping and absolute night-time BP levels; however, which of these variables should be the primary target for therapy remains unclear. The aim of this study is to determine whether dipping status or absolute night-time BP levels have a stronger association with subclinical target organ damage (TOD).

Methods: The Mitchelstown Coho...

18 Nov 2015

BACKGROUND:

Health outcomes research has gained considerable traction over the past decade as the medical community attempts to move beyond traditional outcome measures such as morbidity and mortality. Since its inception in 2009, the BREAST-Q has provided meaningful and reliable information regarding health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and patient satisfaction for use in both clinical practice and research. In this study, we review how researchers have used the BREAST-Q and how it...

18 Nov 2015
Background Description of the condition

"Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, preventable and treatable disease, which is characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is usually progressive and associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response in the airways and the lung to noxious particles or gases. Exacerbations and co-morbidities contribute to the overall severity in individual patients" (GOLD 2015). It is estimated that 65 million people worldwide have...

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